Joint Person of the Year: Pope Benedict
In the 2,000-year history of the Church, few popes have performed greater acts of humility. In 2013 Benedict XVI became the first pope in 600 years to abdicate. Pope Benedict, the exact opposite of an egomaniac, decided it would be best for his flock of some 1.4 billion souls if he left and a new shepherd took the lead. After six decades as a priest and nearly eight years as pope, the dark circles around Benedict XVI’s eyes had grown larger, and he was weary. His conscience told him that a man with more stamina would serve the faithful better. One of the most succinct descriptions of Benedict XVI was given by ArchbishopCharles Brown, Apostolic Nuncio to Ireland, who worked with him for more than 10 years at the Vatican. “He has extraordinary intelligence, deep faith and great humility,” the archbishop said. Surely there is no better demonstration of humility, than to admit that one is ailing and to give up the highest place of power for the good of the Church. Benedict has left a spiritual legacy that will enrich the generations to come. He will be remembered as “the pope of Christian unity”, in part because of his visionary decision to create the ordinariate for groups of former Anglicans to enter the Catholic Church. The ordinariate allows ex-Anglicans to keep their traditions while coming into full Communion.
Benedict XVI also has a special fondness for Britain. Despite calls for his arrest and threats of violence, Benedict travelled to Britain in 2010 and stood up to aggressive secularists. He also beatified one of our own, Cardinal John Henry Newman. In times to come, the papal visit is likely to be a turning point: the moment the Pope defied his detractors and did not let the naysayers dictate the travels of the Vicar of Christ.
The fact that Pope Francis’s pontificate is on a much smoother road must owe something to the fact that Benedict XVI broke the ground first.
Joint Person of the Year: Pope Francis
Our Holy Father knows who is his worst enemy. He spoke of the Devil when he was barely a day in office. On March 14, in his first sermon in the Sistine Chapel, he said: “When one does not profess Jesus Christ, one professes the worldliness of the Devil.”
Our Pope knows that this is spiritual warfare and that the battle rages for our souls. So Francis blessed a dramatic sculpture of St Michael pinning down the Devil and has placed Vatican City under the protection of the archangel. Explaining why St Michael is so efficacious, the Pope said: “St Michael wins because in him, it is God who acts.”
Our Holy Father also knows his best female friend. On the very first morning of his pontificate, he made a brief pilgrimage to the Basilica of St Mary Major, the principal Marian shrine in Rome. On October 13, the day of the Miracle of the Sun, he stood before the statue of Our Lady of Fatima, and entrusted the world to her. Making clear the role of Our Lady, the Pope explained: “She constantly guides us to her son Jesus, because in him alone do we find salvation.” Francis recites 15 decades of the rosary each day.
By his living example, the Pope is showing that faith without good works is dead. His most simple acts of kindness are melting the hearts of millions. Many onlookers were reduced to tears by his embrace of Vinicio Riva, the man whose face is disfigured by neurofibromatosis. Pope Francis’ actions are flying in the face of western culture’s obsession with banishing the disabled and the underprivileged. His actions are the embodiment of Our Lord’s words: “Whatever you did for one of the least of these brothers of mine, you did for me.”
Pope Francis has not sought popularity, but in an age where the majority of people have surfeited on the bubblegum of secularism, they find that following Francis is good food for the soul.
The Pope is drawing people to him because they have an intuitive sense that he speaks and acts for their eternal good.
Fr Federico Lombardi
Fr Federico Lombardi
This was a year of dramatic and sometimes disorientating change in the Vatican. It was a struggle to make sense of the historic developments, and one priest smoothed over the bumps of misconceptions in the mind of the public. The last year was arguably the 71-year-old Jesuit Fr Frederico Lombardi’s finest hour.
At every turn, the Vatican spokesman used concise language to make clear the most complex train of events. He restored harmony during the most difficult transitions. For those who loved Benedict XVI dearly and were prone to conspiracy theories about why he resigned, Fr Lombardi explained simply that Pope Benedict no longer had the physical energy for the demands of the papacy.
As a fellow Jesuit, Fr Lombardi was ideally placed to denounce the outlandish rumours that beset Pope Francis from the earliest days of his election. Fr Lombardi insisted convincingly that there had never been a “credible accusation” that would support the idea that the future Pope Francis had betrayed his own priests and been complicit in helping the military dictatorship. The allegations in the global media then subsided quickly.
There are some points of connection between Fr Lombardi and the Holy Father. In addition to both being Jesuits, they have both served as leaders within the Society of Jesus. Fr Lombardi was superior of the Jesuits’ Italian province. Like Francis’s father, Fr Lombardi was born in Piedmont, northern Italy.
A mathematician by training, Fr Lombardi is notable for his role in various Vatican media outlets. He was first the programme director at Vatican Radio and now its general director of Vatican Radio. He is also the director of the Vatican Television Centre (CTV). Benedict XVI appointed him director of the Vatican press office in 2006.
Archbishop Georg Gänswein
Archbishop Georg Gänswein
Aside from his exhausting duties, the heart of Archbishop Gänswein’s life is assisting Benedict XVI. They have breakfast together every morning and go for a stroll in the woods behind the monastery, where they recite the rosary together. Those of us who care intensely for Benedict find it a great comfort that he has Archbishop Gänswein at his side.
The 57-year-old German prelate was born in a village in the heart of the Black Forest and is the son of a blacksmith.
During the VatiLeaks scandal, it was revealed that some Church leaders were bothered that the media was so interested in Archbishop Gänswein, who they dubbed “bel Giorgio”. But Archbishop Gänswein modestly maintains that the measure of how good he is doing his job depends on him being imperceptible. “Personally I see my role or service with the Pope as similar to that of glass,” he has said. “The cleaner it is then it will achieve its task… the less you see of the glass then the better it is. If you don’t see it at all that means I’m doing my job well.’’
Talking to The Catholic Herald, she says her plan is “to solidify all pro-life voters, and together we will tell our MPs that we are withholding our votes until they agree to repeal the law”.
Sherlock is 38. She has been a solicitor for 12 years and has been deputy chairwoman of Pro-Life Campaign for eight years. In the past year, Sherlock worked like a Trojan to halt the legislation. Shrewd but never shrill, she spoke against the abortion legislation on many radio and television shows. She insisted that abortion is not treatment for depression during pregnancy, and that “the government have switched the focus from medical treatment to abortion which is the direct targeting of the unborn child”.
Chief among her achievements is that she united pro-lifers. As a direct result, tens of thousands of people attended pro-life vigils held outside the Irish parliament, in the run-up to the legislation and afterwards.
An intrepid user of Twitter (@CoraSherlock), Sherlock keeps an audience of British pro-lifers informed via her tweets. She has a strategy for using the social networking site effectively. “If someone sends me an abusive tweet because I’m pro-life, I send a calm tweet in reply,” she explains, “to try and bring the conversation to a civil level, so that we can have a back and forth discussion.”
Sherlock says Irish pro-lifers must enlist the help of their British counterparts. “British pro-lifers have a very big role to play,” she says. “Their voices must be heard because they have lived with abortion on demand and they know what they talking about.”
In 1982, Davis became the co-ordinator of No Less Human, a nationwide organisation which unites people with disabilities and their carers. She gave heartfelt interviews to the BBC, spoke at international conferences and could be found outside Parliament with a sign reading: “Women deserve better than abortion.” In 2009, she published a paper which demonstrated that euthanasia had become more widespread, partly as a result of the 2005 Mental Capacity Act.
Perhaps her greatest triumph was that she used her life experiences to prove that self-destruction is not the answer to despair or disability. She explained that for 10 years she had been obsessed with suicide, convinced that she “burdened” others. Once she tried killing herself by washing down painkillers with a bottle of martini. At first she was “really angry” that doctors pumped her stomach, but later she was delighted to have survived, saying: “I would have missed the best years of my life.”
In 1987, she met Colin Harte, who became her best friend and carer. On her second pilgrimage to Lourdes, Davis learned that suffering could be offered up, and this was an important step to her becoming a Catholic in 1991. In 1995, she and Colin Harte started a charity for children with disabilities in Southern India. The children
Alice von Hildebrand
Dietrich had left Europe to get away from Nazi harassment. Hitler’s ambassador in Austria considered him one of their worst enemies. At first, the young Miss Jourdain was a student of philosophy and von Hildebrand a professor. Through him, she fell in love with philosophy and in 1947 she became a teacher of philosophy at Hunter College, where she taught for 37 years. She eventually married Professor von Hildebrand, and after his death in 1977 she dedicated her life to promoting his greatest works, chiefly Transformation in Christ, which she calls, “his masterpiece”.
Alice von Hildebrand draws particular attention to one of her husband’s key points. “My husband said many times that the greatest illusion is that human laws can make the world perfect,” she has said. “The only thing that can make the world perfect is the change of heart.”
While always underscoring her late husband’s achievements, Alice von Hildebrand is a woman of many talents. Her most notable works include The Privilege of Being a Woman and The Soul of a Lion, a biography of her illustrious husband.
Earlier this year, Pope Francis made her a Dame of St Gregory, the highest honour that can be granted to a lay person. The American Cardinal Raymond Burke, prefect of the Apostolic Signatura, formally invested Alice von Hildebrand on October 30 at a grand dinner in New York. In his speech, Cardinal Burke, thanked God “for the gift of Alice von Hildebrand”.
In 1977, inspired by that personal vision, Brenner renounced a glamorous life in Beverly Hills to live in a grim prison cell in a Mexican prison. It was the La Mesa penitentiary, which houses murderers, rapists and thieves. She donned a white habit and renamed herself Mother Antonia.
For over more than 3 decades, she would immeasurably improve the lives of thousands of prisoners. She called all of them “my sons”. The prisoners were stunned because Mother Antonia made the choice to be there. She washed in the same icy showers and slept on the same lumpy mattress as they did.
First, she prioritised giving them basic amenities such as bandages and pillows. But as she grew more confident she shepherded the prisoners to their court appearances, where she questioned the judges as to why they gave softer sentences to wealthier prisoners. She helped expunge some of the unfairness from the Mexican justice system, and one judge credited her with his conversion. He stopped applying sentences according to the convict’s social class.
As she was twice divorced, Mother Antonia could not enter any existing order. So in 1997 she founded her own, the Eudist Servants of the Eleventh Hour. All the Sisters are financially self-sufficient, and they wear crosses made by an inmate who was once under the care of Mother Antonia, but is now a free man.
Just two months ago, on October 17, Mother Antonia went to her final reward at the age of 86. But her life of heroic sacrifice continues to astound and inspire many.
This article appears on page 13 of the Christmas edition of The Catholic Herald.